Overview

A medical college offers graduate degree Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS). Only institutions offering MBBS course in its curriculum are referred to as a Medical Colleges. The college may teach Post Graduate as well as Paramedical courses. The admission to government MBBS programs is highly competitive because of high subsidy and extensive hands on experience.

The MBBS course starts with the basic pre and para-clinical subjects such as biochemistry, physiology, anatomy, microbiology, pathology and pharmacology. The students simultaneously obtain hands-on training in the wards and out-patient departments, where they interact with real patients for five long years. The curriculum aims to inculcate standard protocols of history taking, examination, differential diagnosis and Complete patient Management. The student is taught to determine what investigations will be useful for a patient and what are the best treatment options. The curriculum also contains a thorough practical knowledge and practice of performing standard clinical procedures. The course also contains a 12-month-long internship, in which an intern is rotated across various specialties. Besides standard clinical care, one also gets a thorough experience of ward management, staff management and thorough counseling skills.

The degree awarded is "Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery". The minimum requirements for the MBBS course are 50% marks in physics, chemistry, biology and English in the '10+2' examinations. For reserved category students the requirement is 40%. MBBS admissions are not centralised. The admission requirements differ across universities. Generally, students who attain higher marks in the qualifying examinations and in the Medical Entrance examinations conducted by various agencies are accepted onto the MBBS course.

MBBS

Professionals holding MBBS, BDS, BAMS BNYS, BUMS, BSMS, BHMS Degrees are referred to by the title of "Doctor" and use the prefix "Dr".

I (First) MBBS

The pre-clinical course consists of Anatomy, Physiology and Biochemistry, and these are the basic subjects of medical students and it lasts for a year. Prior to 1997 the I MBBS consisted of 11/2 years, but this was trimmed to make more time available for clinical exposure. Passing the I MBBS final examination is mandatory to proceed with the course. A candidate failing the first MBBS examination is detained until all the 1st MBBS subjects are cleared. This is considered a major drawback of the Indian medical education system.however the MCI has changed this in regulations on graduate medical education 2012. In many universities if one does not clear a subject that student will get into an intermediate batch. It is a severe drawback. Morning session usually consist of an Anatomy lecture followed by dissection, except for one day when a class in biostatistics may be taken. Afternoon sessions consist of a theory class followed by laboratory work in Physiology or Biochemistry or it may be histology branch of anatomy.

II (Second) MBBS

Pathology, Pharmacology, Microbiology, and Forensic Medicine for one and half years. After clearing all the four subjects a student advances to III MBBS. The lecture classes and lab work of these subjects are usually held in the afternoons to enable students to attend the clinical wards and out patient departments in the mornings. These are followed by Short postings (15days duration) in Pediatrics, Psychiatry, Forensic medicine, Skin & Leprosy,& Respiratory medicine & TB. This may be followed directly by major postings or a clinical posting in Community Medicine may intervene.

III (Final) MBBS-Part I

Part I consists of one year, where Social and Preventive Medicine (Community Medicine), Ear Nose and Throat and Ophthalmology form the core subjects.

IV (Final) MBBS-Part II

One year of focused training in the four basic clinical subjects, namely: Medicine, Surgery (incl. Orthopaedics), Paediatrics, Obstetrics & Gynaecology. On passing the final MBBS examination, a candidate is awarded provisional registration by the MCI or the State medical council and can start the internship. Permanent registration (license to practice) and the final Medical degree (i.e., MBBS) is given only after successful and satisfactory completion of the Compulsory Rotatory Resident Internship, also called the CRRI.

Internship and Residency

After successful completion of the MBBS course, one has to compulsorily work in the hospital attached to the medical college or in any other approved hospital allowed in some medical colleges, for a period of one year. This posting is called the Compulsory Rotatory Residential Internship or the House Surgeon in Tamil Nadu. The student gets the degree only after satisfactory completion of the CRRI. An Intern (also called an Internee or a CRRI) is posted in all the clinical departments of the hospital on a rotation basis. This gives him or her basic clinical and practical knowledge about all the disciplines of medicine and makes the medical graduate fit to work in the community as a General Physician. The schedules of an intern are usually extremely exhaustive. For example, one may have to work for the whole night and then have to start the next day duty only after about one or two hours. This may last till the afternoon. 24-hour sleepless duty at a stretch is not uncommon and sometimes the scheduled breaks are also not allowed by the superiors. He or she is also paid a monthly stipend for his work in the hospital which differs in different medical colleges on the basis of the management. The person is licensed to practice medicine only after completion of this internship. And only after finishing internship, one can receive his MBBS degree and can pursue postgraduate studies. The Interns are entrusted with clinical responsibilities under the supervision of a Medical teacher or a Resident/ PGT/ Senior medical officer. Interns are not supposed to issue medical certificates, death certificates or medico-legal documents under their own signatures.

The Internship is different from House Officership (which may follow Internship), as understood in UK and other countries. The latter is not a compulsory tenure. The House Physician or House Surgeon unlike an Intern, works in a particular department of his or her choice and is paid a monthly 'salary' for his work in the hospital (especially, in the UK). The American counterpart is simply called a "Resident" (i.e., a Resident Physician or a Resident Surgeon).

Post internship, some graduates may choose to work in different medical specialties and are often referred to as House Officers or House Physicians or House Surgeons. This is different from a post graduate training and does not lead to award of a degree. A doctor undergoing higher specialty training is referred to as a "Post Graduate Trainee" or simply a PGT. House Physicians, PGTs and interns are also called junior doctors across Indian hospitals. PGTs and House Officers are sometimes referred to as Junior Residents. After completion of post graduation, doctors may enter subspecialty training and are then known as "post doctoral trainees" or simply PDTs. They are also called as senior residents at some institutes.

NEET

For the current year, the All India Pre-Medical/PreDental Entrance Examination conducted by CBSE for 15% all India seats has been changed to National Eligibility cum Entrance Test as per the directives of Hon'ble Supreme Court of India delivered in various decisions on NEET.

The All India Pre-Medical/Pre-Dental Entrance Examination schedule for 1st May, 2016 has been considered as Phase-I of NEET.

This is the second phase of NEET only for the current year to give the opportunity to the candidates to appear in NEET as stated in the judgment delivered by Hon'ble Supreme Court of India on NEET.

NATIONAL ELIGIBILITY CUM ENTRANCE TEST- 2016 is applicable for admissions to the following:- i. All India Quota Seats. ii. State Government Quota Seats where the State Government concerned so opts. iii. Private/Management/NRI Quota Seats in all Private Medical / Dental Colleges or any Private/Deemed University.

As per the directives of the Hon'ble Supreme Court of India dated 09.05.2016, in Writ Petition I No.261 of 2016 and other connected matters, following candidates can apply in NEET-II: I. Left out candidates who could not register in AIPMT-2016/NEET-I. II. Candidates who were registered in AIPMT- 2016/NEET-I but could not appear in NEETI. III. Candidates who were registered in AIPMT- 2016/NEET-I and had appeared but have apprehension that they had not prepared well subject to submission of an undertaking to give up their candidature for NEET-I.

NO. There is no change in the pattern of AIPMT and NEET
NO. There is no change in the syllabus of AIPMT and NEET.
NEET-2016 will be an offline pen and paper test.
The date of examination is 24th July, 2016 (Sunday).
The Question Paper of NEET-II 2016 shall be based on the syllabus as notified by the Medical council of India which is at Appendix-I of the Information Bulletin of NEET- II, 2016 available on the website www.aipmt.nic.in
The NEET- II 2016 consists of one paper containing 180 objective type questions (four options with single correct answer) from the subjects Physics, Chemistry and Biology (Botany & Zoology) to be answered on the specially designed machinegradable sheet using Ball Point Pen only.
The duration of NEET-II 2016 will be 03 hours from 10.00 a.m. to 1.00 p.m. However, no entry will be allowed after 9.30 a.m.

(i) A candidate who have completed the age of 17 years at the time of admission or will complete the age on or before 31st December of the year of his/her admission to the 1st year MBBS/BDS Course and is an INDIAN NATIONAL.

(ii)The upper age limit for candidates seeking admission under 15% All India Quota Seats is 25 years as on 31st December of the year of the entrance examination. Further provided that this upper age limit shall be relaxed by a period of 5 (five) years for the candidates of Scheduled Castes/ Scheduled Tribes/Other Backward Classes. Candidate must born on or between (a) 01/01/87 to 01/01/2000 (SC/ST/OBC Category) (b) 01/01/92 to 01/012000 (Other Category)

A candidate who have completed the age of 17 years at the time of admission or will complete the age on or before 31st December of the year of his/her admission to the 1st year MBBS/BDS Course and is an INDIAN NATIONAL. Overseas Citizens of India (OCI) may also appear in AIPMT for admission in seats under the control of participating States/Universities/Institutions subject to rules and regulations of the Government of India, respective State Governments and the University/Institution concerned. OCI candidates may verify eligibility norms of participating States/Universities/Institutions before applying for NEET-II, 2016. The upper age limit for candidates seeking admission under seats in the control of participating States/Universities/Institutions shall be as per their rules and regulations.

Yes, if in case, the candidate is not eligible to seek admission to MBBS/BDS seats in Medical/Dental Colleges in the State of Andhra Pradesh, J&K and Telangana. The candidate is also required to submit a self-declaration to this effect. Format is at Appendix-III of Information Bulletin
NO. There is no change in the pattern of AIPMT and NEET
Seats available under 15% merit positions in Government Medical Colleges filled through the counseling conducted by DGHS is known as All India Quota seats.

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AIIMS NEW DELHI

All India Institute of Medical Sciences was established by an act of parliament of 1956 as an autonomous Institution of national importance and its Objectives and functions were defined. By virtue of this act, the institute awards its own Medical degree, diplomas and other academics distinctions. The degrees and diplomas awarded by the Institute under All India Institute of Medical Sciences Act are recognized Medical Qualifications for Purpose of the Indian Medical Council Act and Notwithstanding anything contained in the Medical Council Act, are deemed to be included in the first Schedule of that Act, entitling to the holders to the same privileges as those attached to the equivalent awards from other universities of India.

The Institute (AIIMS, New Delhi) is a residential university in which the Faculty members, Staff and the students live on campus. There are 8 hostels for undergraduate students (6 for boys & 2 for Girls) with the Capacity to accommodate 562 students.

Other AIIMS

Under the Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojna eight (six plus two) new All India Institute of Medical Sciences have been established similar to AIIMS, New Delhi. The Six AIIMS viz. Bhopal, Bhubaneswar, Jodhpur, Patna, Raipur and Rishikesh have been continuing with intake of 100 students. However, the Government of India has also decided that the Academic Session for the Current Year Two New AIIMS at Mangalagiri (Andhra Pradesh) & Nagpur (Maharashtra) batch of 50 students for each will also be started in August 2018. As per the Directives of Ministry selection for Admission will be done through the same Entrance Examination by which candidates are selected for AIIMS, New Delhi. The Admission will be done on the basis of merit-cum choice of the candidates.

Duration of Course

The course of studies leading to the award of degree of Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery (M.B.B.S) of the All India Institute of Medical Sciences shall last for a minimum of five & a half Academic years including one year’s Compulsory internship.

Number of Seats and Reservation

  1. AIIMS, New Delhi:

    The 100 seats for Indian Nationals and 7 Seats for (foreign Nationals) are available for admissions to M.B.B.S Course. Out of these 15 seats are reserved for the scheduled tribes, 27 seats are reserved for the other Backward Classes and 50 seats for General Category for Indian Nationals. A 5% reservation for person with Benchmark Disability (PWPD) as per the provision of Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016 shall be provided on horizontal basis, amongst the seat available subject to evaluation by the Medical Board of the Institute.

  2. Eight other AIIMS:

    In the six New AIIMS (viz: Bhopal, Bhubaneswar, Jodhpur, Patna, Raipur, and Rishikesh) will intake of 100 students each and 50 students each in AIIMS Nagpur (Maharashtra) and Guntur (Andhra Pradesh) the reservation policy followed will be 7.5% ST, 15% SC and 27% OBC, for Indian Nationals. A 5% reservation for person with Benchmark Disability Act, 2016 shall be provided on horizontal basis, amongst the seat available subject to evaluation by the Medical Board of the Institute.

Locations for AIIMS UR OBC SC ST PWPD Foreign* TOTAL
New Delhi 50 27 15 8 5% 7* 107
Bhopal 50 27 15 8 5% 100
Bhubaneswar 50 27 15 8 5% 100
Guntur 25 13 8 4 5% 50
Jodhpur 50 27 15 8 5% 100
Nagpur 25 13 8 4 5% 50
Patna 50 27 15 8 5% 100
Raipur 50 27 15 8 5% 100
Rishikesh 50 27 15 8 5% 100
TOTAL 400 215 121 64 5% 807

AIIMS WISE RESERVATION FOR PWBD * FOR MBBS COURSE JULY 2018 SESSION (40 SEATS = 5% 0f 800)

AIIMS Total seats (UR) (OBC) (SC) (ST) Total (PWBD Seats)
New Delhi 100 3 1 1 0 5
Bhopal 100 3 1 1 0 5
Bhubaneswar 100 3 1 1 0 5
Guntur 100 1 1 0 1 3
Jodhpur 100 3 1 1 0 5
Nagpur 100 1 1 0 1 3
Patna 100 3 1 1 0 5
Raipur 100 3 1 1 0 5
Rishikesh 100 3 1 1 0 5
TOTAL 800 20 9 7 4 40

*PWPD: Person with Benchmark Disability

Seat Inter-Convertibility (Applicable in the open Round of Seat Allotment /Counseling): If the requisite Number of eligible/ Qualified Candidates is not available for the seats reserved for the scheduled caste, the same will be filled out of the candidates belonging to the scheduled tribes and Vice-Versa. In case candidate do not qualified from the SC/ST categories, vacant seats will be filled by the candidates from the General/Unreserved category. Similarly In case OBC seats remain vacant if the requisite number of eligible OBC candidates is not available to the General / Unreserved category.

ELIGIBILITY

CRITERIA FOR OTHER BACKWARD CLASSES (NON CREAMY LAYER) (OBC)

(Common to AIIMS, New Delhi & eight other AIIMS):

Reservation to the OBC (Non Creamy Layer) shall be According to the rules of the government of India. Applicants are required to ensure that he/she does not belong to the persons/sections (creamy layer) mentioned in Column 3 of the Schedule to the Government of India, Department of Personnel & training O.M No. 36012/22/93-Estt. (SCT) dated 8/9/93 which is modified vide O.M No. 36033/3/2004-Estt. (Res) dated 9/3/2004 or the latest notification of the Government of India (i.e. Central List). The format is provided at the end of Prospectus. Certified to be produced during Counseling should not be older than ONE YEAR ON THE DATE OF FIRST COUNSELLING.

CRITERIA FOR SCHEDULED CASTE/SCHEDULED TRIBE (SC/ST)

(Common to AIIMS, New Delhi & eight other AIIMS):

Reservation to the SC/ST candidates will be according to the Rules of Government of India. Applicant will be required to produce the Necessary Certificate in the format provided. During Counseling The certificates as prescribes in M.H.A , O.M, No. 42/21/49-N-G-S dated the 28-1-1952, As revised in Dept of Per & AR Letter No. 36012/6/76-Estt. Dated the 29/10/1977, to be produced by candidate belonging to the scheduled caste or scheduled tribe in support of his/her claim.

CRITERIA FOR PERSON WITH BENCHMARK DISABILITY (PWBD)

(Common to AIIMS, New Delhi & eight other AIIMS):

In accordance with the provision of Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016, 5% seats of annual sanctioned intake capacity shall be filled-up by the candidates with Benchmark Disabilities, based on the Merit-list of AIIMS MBBS Entrance Examination 2018. For this purpose the specified Disability contained to the scheduled to the Rights of Person with Disability Act, 2016 is annexed in APPENDIX -6. The candidate must possess a valid document certifying his/her physical disability. The Disability Certificate should be certified by a duly constituted and authorized Medical Board of State or Central Govt. Hospitals/Institutions. ALL PWPD candidates shall be evaluated by the Medical Board of Institute to determine eligibility.

  1. INDIAN NATIONALS :
    01 AGE
    • Should have attained or will attain the age of 17 years as on the 31st of December of the year of admission (2018)
    • Candidates born on or after 2nd January, 2002 are not eligible to apply
    02 Essential Academic Qualification
    • Should have passed the 12th Class under the 10+2 Scheme/Senior School Certificate Examination (CBSE) or intermediate Science or an Equivalent Examination of a recognized university /Board og any Indian State with English, Physics, Biology, and Chemistry as Subject.
    • Candidates who have appeared or are appearing at the qualifying Examination with English, physics, Chemistry, and Biology as main subject and expect to pass the Examination with required percentage of marks are also eligible to apply and appear in competitive Entrance Examination. However there Candidature will be considered only if they provide documentary evidence of having passed the qualifying examination with the required subjects and percentage of marks.
    03 Minimum Marks
    • The minimum aggregate of the marks in English, physics, Chemistry and Biology Obtained in the Qualifying Examination required for appearing in this examination are:
    • General and OBC Candidates: 60% ST/SC/PWPD Candidates.
    • Those with CGPA grades only will have to apply the conversion factor in the Application Form. The conversion factor should be as Approved by their respective examination board.
  2. OVERSEAS CITIZEN OF INDAI (OCI) & NON-RESIDENT INDIANS (NRI) (Common to AIMMS, New Delhi and eight others AIMMS):

    Overseas citizen of India (OCI) registered under section 7A of Citizenship Act 1955 & Non-Resident Indians (NRI) are also eligible to appear in this test and all terms and conditions applicable foe Indian Nationals given in this prospectus will be applicable to them. The candidates will submit proof of registration as OCI under section 7A of citizenship Act 1955 /NRI to be eligible to appear for this test.

JIPMER, PUDUCHERRY

  • Jawaharlal institute of postgraduate medical education and research Puducherry ( JIPMER) under the government of India this year 1956,is one of the leading medical institution spread over a sprawling 195 acre the campus in an urban locale of Puducherry ( formerly Puducherry), JIPMER is 170km by road away from Chennai
  • JIPMER has been declared as an “Institution of an National Importance “ by an Act of Parliament, JIPMAR, Puducherry , Act, 2018. A Copy of the Act was Gazette Notified on 14-4-2008 to enforce this Act. Prior to this the Institute was functioning under the administrative control of Directorate General of Health Services, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, New Delhi.
  • The Institution is now empowered to award Medical Degrees, Diploma etc, under the clauses 23 & 24 of the said Act, such Degrees/Diploma etc, shall be deemed to be included in the schedule to the respective Act governing Medical Council of India, Indian nursing Council and Dental Council of India, entitling to the holders the same privileges as those attached to the equivalent award from the recognized universities of India.
  • JIPMAR Imparts Undergraduates (UG), Postgraduate (PG) and super specialty Medical training through a Working Hospital (JIPMER HOSPITAL) with bed strength of Sanctioned 2134 and a Nursing College. MBBS, B.sc, M.sc, MD, MS, Degree Courses are offered in 43 Disciplines. Super Specialty Department of Cardiology, Neurology, Cardiothoracic Surgery, Neurosurgery, Urology, Plastic Surgery, Pediatric Surgery, Pediatric critical care, Neonatology, Clinical Immunology, Clinical Pharmacology, Nephrology, Medical oncology, Endocrinology, Surgical oncology and surgical Gastroenterology also offered D.M/M.CH Courses. Full time PHD program is available in eleven disciples as on date. Master of public Health post basic Diploma courses in Nursing were started in January 2014.

JIPMER, KARAIKAL

JIPMAR has started its JIPMER KARAIKAL, from the Academic session 2015-16 with yearly intake of 50 students. KARAIKAL is located about 150 Km south of Puducherry city. The classes are being held in lecture theaters at the Arasalar Complex with smart class room facilities and telemedicine communication system linking to the JIPMAR Puducherry. The students Practical and Research laboratories facilities for seminar, symposia and lecture classes are located at Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam Building with state of the art equipment. Separate box are provided for Boys and girls in the hostel complex. The Institute will further will expanded with Multi-Speciality Hospital.

Duration of course

  • Duration of the MBBS Course is 4 Years and six Months as per the Academic Calendar of JIPMER followed by one year of Compulsory Rotatory Internship for award of Degree.

Distribution of Seats:

  • Common Entrance Examination for 200 seats (150 seats at JIPMER, Puducherry + 50 seats at JIPMER, Karaikal)

    VERTICAL RESERVATION

    CATEGORY JIPMER PUDUCHERRY JIPMER KARAIKAL TOTAL
    General (UR) 50 15 35
    OBC 28 10 38
    SC 16 6 22
    ST 11 4 15
    P-UR 23 7 30
    P-OBC 11 5 16
    P-SC 6 2 8
    NRI/OCI 5 1 6
    TOTAL 150 50 200

    HORIZONTAL RESERVATION

    Orthopedically Handicapped (OPH)

    JIPMER PUDUCHERRY JIPMER KARAIKAL TOTAL
    OPH 3 2 5
    P-OPH 1 - 1
    TOTAL 4 2 6

    The number and distribution of seats may vary depending upon the Periodic directives/ decision from competent Authorities.

ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR ADMISSION TO MBBS COURSE AT JIPMER:

  1. The Applicant should be an Indian National / Overseas Citizen of India.
  2. He/She has completed the age of 17 years at the time of admission or will complete the age on or before 31st December 2017, the year of his/her admission to the first M.B.B.S. i.e they should have been born on or before 01-01-2001. (Request for relaxation from the prescribed age limit will not be considered for any category of applicant) No upper age limit.
  3. The Applicant should have passed the qualifying examination in the manner mentioned below:
    1. The Higher / Senior Secondary Examination or the Indian School of Certificate examination which is equivalent to 10+2 Higher/ Senior Secondary examination after a period of 12 years study, the last two years of such study comprising Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Bio-Technology (which shall include practical test in these subjects) or any other elective with English at the level not less than the core course for English as prescribed by the National council of Educational Research and Training after the introduction of the 10+2+3 educational structure as recommended by the National Committee on Education.
    2. The candidates, who have passed the examination other than those mentioned in the list appended in annexure 1, will have to submit an Eligibility certificate before admission is finalized. Obtaining such an Eligibility Certificate from the Association of Indian Universities, New Delhi is essential for OCI/NRI for admission to JIPMER M.B.B.S Course.
    3. The Applicant must have passed in the Subject of Physics, Chemistry, Biology / Tech-Biology and English individually and must have obtained a minimum of 50% marks taken together in Physics, Chemistry, Biology/ Tech-Biology at the Qualifying examination.
    4. For candidates belonging to the Scheduled Caste/ Scheduled Tribe or other Backward Classes/ OPH the minimum marks obtained in the physics, chemistry, Biology/Tech-Biology taken together in Qualifying Examination is 45%.

Note: Applicant who have appeared or will be appearing in the qualifying examination in March/ April 2017 and those results have not yet been declared can also apply for admission, if other eligibility criteria (i), (ii) and (iii) Are Satisfied.

METHOD OF ENTRANCE EXAMINATION

  • The examination shall be conducted in English medium only.
  • The Entrance Examination is Common to all and Consist of 200 single best response type MCQs having four alternatives and The question will be asked from the following Subjects and the distribution of the No. of Question is detailed Below:
    Subjects No. of Questions
    Physics 60
    Chemistry 60
    Biology 60
    English Language and Comprehension 10
    Logical and Quantitative Listening 10
    Total 200
  • The Question for JIPMER MBBS Entrance Examination 2017 will be based on the syllabus as prescribed by the state Board Hr Sec and CBSE for XI & XII Students.
  • Candidates are advised to go through Mock-Test for Computer based test.